
Planck Time Doublings:
Primarily in Seconds 
Planck Length Doublings:
Primarily in Meters 
204 
The Age of the Universe:
13.78 to 13.8 billion years
It appears that we currently live in the earliest part of 201 doubling.

Observable Universe: 8.8×10(26) m Planck Multiple: 8.31×10^{26} m
4.155×10^{26} m Future Universe 
203 
6.9309178×10^{17} seconds (21.9777+ billion years) 
2.077×10^{26} m Future Universe 
202 
346,545,888,147,200,000 seconds (10.9888+ billion years) 
1.03885326×10^{26} m Observable Universe 
201 
173,272,944,073,600,000 seconds (5.49444+ billion years) (10^{17)} 
5.19426632×10^{25} m 
In this model: Time is discrete so to know how many years are to be aggregated (to see how close we are to the Age of the Universe), each notation must be added together. By the 200th notation, we would be one Planck Time unit shy of 10.9888 billion years. A possible conclusion could therefore be that we are within the 201st notations. 
200 
86,636,472,036,800,000 seconds (2.747+ billion years) 
2.59713316×10^{25} m 
199 
43,318,236,018,400,000 seconds (1.3736+ billion years) 
1.29856658×10^{25} m 
198 
21,659,118,009,200,000 seconds (686.806+ million years) 
6.49283305×10^{24} m 
197 
10,829,559,004,600,000 seconds (342.4+ million years) (10^{16}) 
3.24641644×10^{24} m 
196 
5,414,779,502,320,000 seconds (171.2+ million years) 
1.62320822×10^{24} m 
195 
2,707,389,751,160,000 seconds (85.6+ million years) 
8.11604112×10^{23} m 
194 
1,353,694,875,580,000 seconds (42.8+ million years) (10^{15}) 
4.05802056×10^{23} m 
193 
676,847,437,792,000 seconds (21.4+ million years) 
2.02901033×10^{23} m 
192 
338,423,718,896,000 seconds (10.724+ million years) 
1.01450514×10^{23} m 
191 
169,211,859,448,000 seconds (5.3+ million years) (10^{14}) 
5.07252568×10^{22} m 
190 
84,605,929,724,000 seconds (2.6+ million years) 
2.5362629×10^{22} m 
189 
42,302,964,862,000 seconds (1.3+ million years) 
1.26813145×10^{22} m 
188 
21,151,482,431,000 seconds (640+ thousand years) 
6.34065727×10^{21} m 
187 
10,575,741,215,500 seconds (320+ thousand years) (10^{13}) 
3.17032864×10^{21} m or 3 Zettameters or 310,000 ly 
186 
5,287,870,607,760 seconds (160+ thousand years) 
1.58516432×10^{21} m or about 150,000 ly (1.5z) 
185 
2,643,935,303,880 seconds (83.7+ thousand years) 
7.92582136×10^{20} m 
184 
1,321,967,651,940 seconds (41.8+ thousand years) (10^{12}) 
3.96291068×10^{20} m 
183 
660,983,825,972 seconds (20.9+ thousand years) 
1.981455338×10^{20} m 
182 
330,491,912,986 seconds (or about 10,472.9 years) 
9.90727664×10^{19} meters 
181 
165,245,956,493 seconds (10^{11}) 
4.95363832×10^{19} m 
180 
82,622,978,246.4 seconds 
2.47681916×10^{19} m 
179 
41,311,489,123.2 seconds 
1.23840958×10^{19} m 
178 
20,655,744,561.6 seconds 
6.19204792×10^{18} m 
177 
10,327,872,280.8 seconds (10^{10}) 
3.09602396×10^{18} m 
176 
5,163,936,140.4 seconds 
1.54801198×10^{18} m 
175 
2,581,968,070.2 seconds 
7.74005992×10^{17} m 
174 
1,290,984,035.1 seconds (10^{9}) 
3.87002996×10^{17} m 
173 
645,492,017.552 seconds 
1.93501504×10^{17} m 
172 
322,746,008.776 seconds 
9.67507488×10^{16} m 
171 
161,373,004.388 seconds (10^{8}) 
4.83753744×10^{16} m 
170 
80,686,502.194 seconds 
2.41876872×10^{16} m 
169 
40,343,251.097 sec (466 days)(Note: 31,536,000 s/year) 
1.20938436×10^{16} m 
Comments: A light year is about 9.4605284×10^{15} meters (Google) or 9,460,730,472,580,800 metres “exactly” (Wikipedia). Use the Gregorian calendar (circa 1582) where a year is 365.2425 and the speed of light is given as 299,792,458 metres/second, the calculation is 365.2425 times 86400 seconds/day (or 31556952 seconds/year) times 299,792,458 meters/second or 9.4605362^{+}×10^{15} meters. Discrepancies would become quite large at the size of the Observable Universe and the Age of the Known Universe.Using Planck Units: 
— 
One Light Year 
9.45994265715×10^{15}m 
168 
20,171,625.5485 seconds (233.468 days) 
6.0469218×10^{15} m [one light year (ly) is 9.4×10^{15} m] 
167 
10,085,812.7742 seconds (116.73 days) (10^{7}) 
3.0234609×10^{15} m 
166 


166 
5,042,906.38712 seconds (58.36+) 
1.5117305×10^{15} m 
165 
2,521,453.19356 s (29.1835 days) 
7.55865224×10^{14} m 
164 
1,260,726.59678 s (14.59+ days) (10^{6}) 
3.77932612×10^{14} m 
163 
630,363.29839 s (7.29+ days) 
1.88966306×10^{14} m (about 7day light travel) 
162 
315,181.649195 seconds (3.64794 days) 
9.44831528×10^{13} m 
161 
157,590.824 s (1.82 days) (10^{5}) 
4.72415764×10^{13} m 
160 
78,795.4122988 s (.911984 days) 
2.36207882×10^{13} m (or close to 24hour light travel) 
159 
39,397.7061494 seconds 
1.18103945×10^{13} m 
158 
19,698.8530747 seconds (10^{4}) 
5.90519726×10^{12} m 
157 
9849.42653735 seconds 
2.95259863×10^{12} m () 
156 
4924.71326867 seconds(3600 s in hour) 
1.47629931×10^{12} m 
155 
2462.35663434 seconds 
738,149,657 kilometers 10^{11} 
154 
1231.17831717 seconds (10^{3}) 
369,074,829 kilometers 10^{11} 
153 
615.589158584 seconds (10.259+ minutes) 
184,537,414 kilometers 10^{11} 
152 
307.794579292 seconds 
92,268,707.1 kilometers (range of earthtosun)10^{10}m 
151 
153.897289646 seconds (10^{2}) 
46,134,353.6 kilometers 10^{10} 
150 
76.948644823 s (16+ sec over 1 min) 
23,067,176.8 kilometers 10^{10} 
Comments: A light minute is, of course, sixty times 299,792.458 km/second. Again, using simple mathematics, the distance light travels in one minute is 17,987,547.48 which is about 1000 kilometers off of 17,986,420.0329 km/second using the simple mathematics of this chart. This difference will be further analyzed. 
149 
38.4743224115 s (21.53 sec to 1 min) 
11,533,588.4 kilometers 10^{10} 
148 
19.2371612058 seconds 10^{1} 
5,766,794.2 kilometers 10^{9} 
147 
9.61858060288 seconds 
2,883,397.1 kilometers 10^{9} 
146 
4.80929030144 seconds 
1,441,698.55 kilometers 10^{9} m 
145 
2.40464515072 seconds 
720,849.264 kilometers 10^{8} 
144 
1.20232257536 s (1s ≠ perfect t_{p} multiple)
One Second: 
360,424.632 kilometers 10^{8} meters
Speed of light equals 299,792,458 m/s 
Comments: Science knows experimentally that light travels 299,792.458 km/second (a light second). A Planck Time multiple, either 1.202 seconds or .6011 seconds, could be used as a standard unit of time that is based on a theoretical constant. We will explore further the calculations for a day, week, month and year based on such a system. We’ll also explore it in light of recent work to define the theoretical chronon. 
— 
A Light Second 
299,792.458 km 
143 
6.0116128768×10^{−1} seconds 
180,212.316 kilometers (111,979+ miles) 10^{8} m 
142 
3.0058064384×10^{−1} seconds 
90,106.158 kilometers 10^{7} m 
141 
1.5029032192×10^{−1} seconds 
45,053.079 kilometers 10^{7} 
140 
7.514516096×10^{−2} seconds 
22,526.5398 kilometers 10^{7} 
139 
3.757258048 × 10^{−2} seconds 
11,263.2699 kilometers or about 7000 miles 
138 
1.878629024 × 10^{−2} seconds 
5631.63496 kilometers 10^{6} 
137 
9.39314512 × 10^{−3} seconds 
2815.81748 kilometers 10^{6} 

The transition from the HumanScale to the LargeScale Universe

136 
4.69657256 × 10^{−3} seconds 
1407.90874 kilometers (about 874 miles) 10^{6} m 
135 
2.34828628 × 10^{−3} seconds 
703.954368 kilometers 10^{5} 
134 
1.174143145978 × 10^{−3} seconds 
351.977184 kilometers (218.7 miles) 10^{5} 
133 
5.8707157335 × 10^{−4} seconds 
175.988592 kilometers (109.35 miles) 10^{5} 
132 
2.93535786675 × 10^{−4} seconds 
87.994296 kilometers 10^{4} 
131 
1.46767893338 × 10^{−4} seconds 
43.997148 kilometers 10^{4} 
130 
7.33839466688 × 10^{−5} seconds 
21.998574 kilometers10^{4} 
129 
3.66919733344 × 10^{−5} seconds 
10.999287 kilometers or within 6.83464 miles 10^{4} 
128 
1.83459866672× 10^{−5} seconds 
5.49964348 kilometers 10^{3} 
127 
9.1729933336 × 10^{−6} seconds 
2.74982174 kilometers 10^{3} 
126 
4.5864966668 × 10^{−6} seconds 
1.37491087 kilometers 10^{3} 
125 
2.2932483334 × 10^{−6} seconds 
687.455439 meters 10^{2} 
124 
1.1466241667 × 10^{−6} seconds 
343.72772 meters or about 1128 feet 10^{2} 
123 
5.73312083348 × 10^{−7} seconds 
171.86386 meters or about 563 feet 10^{2} 
122 
2.86656041674 × 10^{−7} seconds 
85.9319296 meters 10^{1} 
121 
1.43328020837 × 10^{−7} s 
42.9659648 meters 10^{1} 
120 
7.16640104186 × 10^{−8} sec 
21.4829824 meters 10^{1} 
119 
3.58320052093 × 10^{−8} sec 
10.7414912 meters or 35.24 feet or 1.074×10^{1} m 10^{1} 
118 
1.79160026046 × 10^{−8} seconds 
5.3707456 meters 10^{0} 
117 
8.95800130232 × 10^{−9} seconds 
2.6853728 meters or 105.723 inches 10^{0} 
116 
4.47900065116 × 10^{−9} seconds 
1.3426864 meters or 52.86 inches 10^{0} 
115 
2.23950032558 × 10^{−9} seconds 
67.1343176 cm (19.68+ inches or 6.71×10^{1} 
114 
1.11975016279 × 10^{−9} seconds 
33.5671588 centimeters or 3.356×10^{1} m) 
113 
5.59875081396 × 10^{−10} seconds 
16.7835794 centimeters or 1.6783×10^{1} 
112 
2.79937540698 × 10^{−10} seconds 
8.39178968 cm (3.3+ inches or 8.39×10^{2} m) 
111 
1.39968770349 × 10^{−10} seconds 
4.19589484 centimeters 4.19589484×10^{2} m 
1109 
.99843851744 × 10^{−11} seconds 
2.09794742 centimeters or 2.0979×10^{2} m 
1098 
3.49921925872 × 10^{−11} seconds 
1.04897 centimeters or 1.04897375×10^{2} m 
108 
1.74960962936 × 10^{−11} seconds 
5.24486856 mm (about 1/4 inch) or 5.24×10^{3} m 
107 
8.7480481468 × 10^{−12} seconds 
2.62243428 millimeters or 2.62243428×10^{3} m 
106 
4.3740240734 × 10^{−12} seconds 
1.31121714 millimeters 1.31121714×10^{3} m 
105 
2.1870120367 ×10^{−12} seconds 
.655608568 millimeters or 6.55608568×10^{4} m 
104 
1.09350601835 ×10^{−12} seconds 
.327804284 millimeter or 3.27804284 x10^{4} m 
103 
5.46753009176 ×10^{−13} seconds 
.163902142 millimeters or 1.63902142×10^{4} m 
102 
2.73376504588 × 10^{−13} seconds 
81.9510712 microns or 81.9510712 x10^{5} m 
101 
1.36688252294 × 10^{−13} seconds 
40.9755356 microns or 4.09755356 x10^{5} m 
100 
6.83441261472 × 10^{−14} seconds 
20.4877678 microns or 2.04877678×10^{5} m 
99 
3.41720630736 × 10^{−14} seconds 
10.2438839 microns or 1.02438839×10^{5} m 
98 
1.70860315368 × 10^{−14} seconds 
5.12194196 microns (.0002+ inches or 5.12×10^{6} m) 
97 
8.5430157684 × 10^{−15} seconds 
2.56097098 microns or 2.56097098×10^{6} m 
96 
4.2715078842 × 10^{−15} seconds 
1.28048549 microns or 1.2804854×10^{6} m 
95 
2.1357539421 × 10^{−15} seconds 
640.242744 nanometers 6.40242744×10^{7}m 
94 
1.06787697105 × 10^{−15} seconds 
320.121372 nanometers 3.20121372×10^{7} m 
93 
5.33938485524 × 10^{−16} seconds 
160.060686 nanometers or 1.6×10^{7} m 
92 
2.66969242762 × 10^{−16} seconds 
80.0303432 nanometers or 8.0×10^{8} m 
91 
1.33484621381 × 10^{−16} seconds 
40.0151716 nanometers or 4.0×10^{8} m 
90 
6.67423106904 × 10^{−17} seconds 
20.0075858 nanometers or 2.0×10^{8} m 
89 
3.33711553452 × 10^{−17} seconds 
1.00037929×10^{8} meters or 10 nanometers 
88 
1.66855776 × 10^{−17} seconds (smallest measurement – 2010) 
5.00189644×10^{9} meters 
87 
8.34278883632 × 10^{−18} seconds 
2.50094822 nanometers or 2.50094822×10^{9} m 
86 
4.17139441816 × 10^{−18} seconds 
1.25474112 nanometers or 1.25×10^{9} m 
85 
2.08569720908 × 10^{−18} seconds 
.625237056 nanometers or 6.25237056×10^{10} m 
84 
1.04284860454 × 10^{−18} seconds 
.312618528 nanometers or 3.12×10^{10} m 
83 
5.21424302272 × 10^{−19} seconds 
.156309264 nanometers or 1.563×10^{10} m 
82 
2.60712151136 × 10^{−19} seconds 
7.81546348×10^{11} m 
81 
1.30356075568 × 10^{−19} seconds 
3.90773174×10^{11} m 
80 
6.5178037784 × 10^{−20} seconds 
1.95386587×10^{11} m 
79 
3.2589018892 × 10^{−20} seconds 
9.76932936×10^{12} m 
78 
1.6294509446 × 10^{−20} seconds 
4.88466468×10^{12} m 
77 
8.147254723 × 10^{−21} seconds 
2.44233234×10^{12} m 
76 
4.0736273615 × 10^{−21} seconds 
1.22116617×10^{12} m 
75 
2.03681368075 × 10^{−21} seconds 
6.10583084×10^{13} m 
74 
1.01840684038 × 10^{−21} seconds 
3.05291542×10^{13} m 
73 
5.09203420188 × 10^{−22} seconds 
1.52645771×10^{13} m 
72 
2.54601710094 × 10^{−22} seconds 
7.63228856×10^{14} m 
71 
1.27300855047 × 10^{−22} seconds 
3.81614428×10^{14} m 
70 
6.36504275236 × 10^{−23} seconds 
1.90807214×10^{14} m 
69 
3.18252137618 × 10^{−23} seconds 
9.54036072×10^{15} m 
68 
1.59126068809 × 10^{−23} seconds 
4.77018036×10^{15} m 

Transition from the SmallScale Universe to the HumanScale Universe

67 
7.95630344044 × 10^{−24} seconds 
2.38509018×10^{15} m 
66 
3.97815172022 × 10^{−24} seconds 
1.19254509×10^{15} m 
65 
1.98907586011 × 10^{−24} seconds 
5.96272544×10^{16} m 
64 
9.94537930056 × 10^{−25} seconds 
2.98136272×10^{16} m 
63 
4.97268965028 × 10^{−25} seconds 
1.49068136×10^{16} m 
62 
2.48634482514 × 10^{−25} seconds 
7.45340678×10^{17} m 
61 
1.24317241257 × 10^{−25} seconds 
3.72670339×10^{17} m 
60 
6.21586206284 × 10^{−26} seconds 
1.86335169×10^{17} m 
59 
3.10793103142 × 10^{−26} seconds 
9.31675848×10^{18} m 
58 
1.55396551571 × 10^{−26} seconds 
4.65837924×10^{18} m 
57 
7.76982757856 × 10^{−27} seconds 
2.32918962×10^{18} m 
56 
3.88491378928 × 10^{−27} seconds 
1.16459481×10^{18} m 
55 
1.94245689464 × 10^{−27} seconds 
5.82297404×10^{19} m 
54 
9.7122844732 × 10^{−28} seconds 
2.91148702×10^{19} m 
53 
4.8561422366 × 10^{−28} seconds 
1.45574351×10^{19} m 
52 
2.4280711183 × 10^{−28} seconds 
7.27871756×10^{20} m 
51 
1.21403555915 × 10^{−28} seconds 
3.63935878×10^{20} m 
50 
6.07017779576 × 10^{−29} seconds 
1.81967939×10^{20} m 
49 
3.03508889788 × 10^{−29} seconds 
9.09839696×10^{21} m 
48 
1.51754444894 × 10^{−29} seconds 
4.54919848×10^{21} m 
47 
7.58772224468 × 10^{−30} seconds 
2.27459924×10^{21} m 
46 
3.79386112234 × 10^{−30} seconds 
1.13729962×10^{21} m 
45 
1.89693056117 × 10^{−30} seconds 
5.68649812×10^{22} m 
44 
9.48465280584 × 10^{−31} seconds 
2.84324906×10^{22} m 
43 
4.74232640292 × 10^{−31} seconds 
1.42162453×10^{22} m 
42 
2.37116320146 × 10^{−31} seconds 
7.10812264×10^{23} m 
41 
1.18558160073 × 10^{−31} seconds 
3.55406132×10^{23} m 
40 
5.92790800364 × 10^{−32} seconds 
1.7770306×10^{23}m 
39 
2.96395400182 × 10^{−32} seconds 
8.88515328×10^{24}m 
38 
1.48197700091 × 10^{−32} seconds 
4.44257664×10^{24} m 
37 
7.40988500456 × 10^{−33} seconds 
2.22128832×10^{24}m 
36 
3.70494250228 × 10^{−33} seconds 
1.11064416×10^{24}m 
35 
1.85247125114 × 10^{−33} seconds 
5.5532208×10^{25}m 
34 
9.26235625568 × 10^{−34} seconds 
2.7766104×10^{25}m 
33 
4.63117812784× 10^{−34} seconds 
1.3883052×10^{25}m 
32 
2.315589×10^{34} seconds 
6.94152599×10^{26} meters 
31 
1.15779453196× 10^{−34} seconds 
3.47076299×10^{26}m 
30 
5.78897265978 × 10^{−35} seconds 
1.735381494×10^{26} m 
29 
2.89448632989 × 10^{−35} seconds 
8.67690749×10^{27} m 
28 
1.44724316494 × 10^{−35} seconds 
4.3384537×10^{27} m 
27 
7.23621582472 × 10^{36} seconds 
2.16922687×10^{27} m 
26 
3.61810791236 × 10^{−36} seconds 
1.0846134×10^{27} m 
25 
1.80905395618 × 10^{−36} seconds 
5.42306718×10^{28} m 
24 
9.045269781089 × 10^{−37} seconds 
2.711533591×10^{28} m 
23 
4.522263489044 × 10^{−37} seconds 
1.35576679×10^{28} m 
22 
2.26131744522 × 10^{−37} seconds 
6.77883397×10^{29} m 
21 
1.13065872261 × 10^{−37} seconds 
3.38941698×10^{29} meters 
20 
5.65329361306 × 10^{−38} seconds 
1.69470849×10^{29} meters 
19 
2.82646806528 ×10^{−38} seconds 
8.47354247×10^{30} meters 
18 
1.41323403264 ×10^{−38} seconds 
4.2367712×10^{30} m 
17 
7.0661701632 × 10^{−39} seconds 
2.11838561×10^{30} m 
16 
3.530850816 × 10^{−39} seconds 
1.0591928×10^{30} m 
15 
1.7665425408 × 10^{−39} seconds 
5.29596404×10^{31} m 
14 
8.832712704 × 10^{−40}seconds 
2.64798202×10^{31} m 
13 
4.416356352 × 10^{−40} seconds 
1.32399101×10^{31} m 
12 
2.208178176 ^{× 10}−40 seconds 
6.619955ƒx10^{32} m 
11 
1.104089088 × 10^{−40} seconds 
3.30997752×10^{32} m 
10 
5.52044544 × 10^{−41} seconds 
1.65498876×10^{32} m 
9 
2.76022272 × 10^{−41} seconds 
8.27494384×10^{33} m 
8 
1.38011136 × 10^{−41} seconds 
4.1374719232×10^{33} m 
7 
6.9005568 × 10^{−42} seconds 
2.0687359616×10^{33} m 
6 
3.4502784 × 10^{−42} seconds 
1.03436798×10^{33} m 
5 
1.7251392 × 10^{−42} seconds 
5.1718399×10^{34} m 
4 
8.625696 × 10^{−43} seconds 
2.58591995×10^{34} m 
3 
4.312848 × 10^{−43} seconds 
1.29295997×10^{34} m 
2 
2.156424 × 10^{−43} s The second doubling 
6.46479988×10^{35} meters 
1 
1.078212 × 10^{−43} s The first doubling 
3.23239994×10^{35} m The first doubling, step, or layer. 