###### Most recent edit: August 22, 2016

WORK-IN-PROGRESS – VERY EARLY DRAFT.

by Bruce Camber, New Orleans

**The Working Hypothesis**: The Planck base units are necessarily part of what defines the gravitational singularity or space-time singularity. Here we project that singularity is the dynamic transformational nexus between the finite and infinite where there is a complete unification of all the forces of nature and the Planck base units (aka Planck scale). We postulate that this unification is extended through dynamic working ratios throughout all 200+ notations from the first moment of creation to the current time and present day. We further postulate that this working premise creates an environment to build a panoply of bridges from the Planck scale to all current physical theories whereby each notation is a domain for unique predictive values. To test this hypothesis and these postulations, base-2 notation is applied and the unique numbers of each Planck base unit are charted to include every space — everything everywhere — and every time from the first moment of creation to this moment this day. There are over 1000 numbers and hundreds of thousands of ratios to analyze.

**We call this model the Quiet Expansion ( QE) and quiet expansion cosmology**.

**Wikipedia’s cosmology is currently based on the big bang theory ( bbt)**, the most-widely accepted cosmology within academic and scientific circles. Wikipedia says that the Planck Epoch requires speculative proposals, a “New Physics” such as “…the Hartle–Hawking initial state, string landscape, string gas cosmology, and the ekpyrotic universe.” Each is a conceptually-rich, dense jungle of ideas. Cutting through that entanglement is only for the highly-motivated and academically astute. Most of us will just go on to the grand unification epoch, in search of a logical system that builds consistently upon itself.

More than just the *bbt*‘s four forces of nature *within the Planck scale*, we *assume* these four are encapsulated within all five Planck base units defined by length, time, mass, temperature and charge; and, these are further defined by the speed of light (or special relativity), the gravitational constant (or general relativity), the reduced Planck constant (or *ħ* or quantum mechanics), the Coulomb constant (or *ε*_{0 } or electric charge or electromagnetism), and the Boltzmann constant (or *k*_{B} or *of temperature)*.

All are bound within this Planck scale; and, herein it is proposed to be the foundations for a highly-ordered, totally-relational universe.

The key to our model is multiplication by 2, starting with the Planck base units. A nexus of transformation between the finite and the infinite is defined by the crossing lines at “0” within the image on the right.

Most all of the work done since 1975 to promulgate the big bang theory (*bbt*) can be quickly absorbed within the *QE*. Our primary questions are about the first four and most fundamental periods which are call “*Epochs*” within the bbt. Taken together, these four epochs represent less than a fraction-of-a-fraction of a second within the *QE* model. With just little tweaks, we believe most all their work within the subsequent epochs can be readily integrated.

Although technically the Planck Epoch should be just the first notation (#1) we will initially be asking, “Could it be more than just the “0” notations? Why ? Why not? The Grand Unification Epoch will range from Notations 1 to 60 and possibly as high as 67.

**Planck Epoch renamed Planck Moment**: The finite-infinite relation most intimately defines the first notation and is necessarily within all notations building from the first. An infinitesimal duration, it is the beginning that creates space and time and then extends within space and time much like the birthing process. As of today, the Planck base units are our simplest-deepest-best description of this moment.

Within the *bbt* the Planck epoch is still mysterious. It is a weak initial condition and foundation for a theory. Plus, many say that it is bad psychology for that very reason. It is so disjointed, so out of touch with anything human, it *de facto* promotes a certain form of nihilism.